CENDI STI Manager: Topic Listings

Subject Area: Technologies


Scholarly Publishing Practice: the ALPSP report on academic journal publisher's policies and practices in online publishing.
Author: John Cox and Laura Cox
Publisher: Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers (ALPSP)

The report is the result of a survey of 275 publishers, of which 183 responded; 149 responses were valid and included in the analysis. The executive summary is available free of charge from ALPSP. Some of the major findings are: 782 new journal titles have been launched by the publishers analyzed in the last five years; 75% of journals published are available online; pricing structures vary for bundles and appears to be tied to the print version; consortia agreements vary; and larger publishers offer simpler pricing and more usage rights than smaller publishers. The report concludes that the market for online journals is still in a developing and experimental stage.

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Association of College & Research Libraries
Author: Association of College & Research Libraries
Publisher: American Library Association

Home Page of the ACRL, a subdivision of the American Library Association. The ACRL represents academic librarians serving the higher education community. The ACRL Home Page provides association information for the national and local chapters and ACRL Sections, and links to ACRL publications and an extensive list of standards for academic libraries, collections, and services.

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Coalition for Networked Information (CNI) and Issues in Digital Information
Author: Clifford Lynch, President, CNI
Publisher: CENDI

Description of the CNI organization. There are over 200 institutional members, predominantly higher education institutions. All are concerned about the impact of networking on education. Four major areas of effort: general advocacy about networked information, content and organization on the Internet, organization and professional issues, including strategies and best practices, and standards and infrastructure. Specific projects in these areas are described. Of particular interest is distance learning/education.

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JEP: The Journal of Electronic Publishing
Author: Judith Axler Turner, Editor
Publisher: The University of Michigan Press

Journal that emphasizes broader issues in electronic publishing that shape policy for professional, scientific and/or academic publishing, both books and journals. Issues include details on Web design, server management, pricing, revenue collection and policy issues. Issues have a set of short invited contributions on a particular theme. Longer pieces covering electronic publishing from publishers and/or scholars are also be included.

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European project FIGARO to build easy - equitable access to scientific yield - platform for scholarly communication and publication
Author: Leo Waaijers, External expert to the FIGARO project, University Librarian of Wageningen University & Research Centre

This European academic digital publishing project is a collaborative effort of European universities and publishers whose aim is to support the European academic community by making scholarly publishing faster, cheaper, and simpler. The network will continue to expand into a digital e-publishing platform and will offer its European participants a technical infrastructure and a network organization strategy that will facilitate the total digital publishing process. In May 2002, the Information Society Directoratte-General of the European Union granted FIGARO a EUR 1.4 million subsidy for the project. Universities in The Netherlands, Germany, Sweden, Italy, and Belgium are current participants. Other participants include various commercial publishing companies and the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition.

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SPARC and ACRL: Working Together To Reform Scholarly Communication
Author: Rick Johnson
Publisher: American Library Association

This article recaps the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition's (SPARC) achievements and describes ways in which SPARC expects to develop in the future. SPARC has been instrumental in starting new journals, lowering the cost of journals, and stimulating increased publishing in the not-for-profit sector. SPARC's focus in the future includes the incubation of alternatives to current high-priced journals and digital aggregations; public advocacy of changes in the system; and education campaigns. SPARC and the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) are partnering on the new scholarly communications initiative 1. SPARC and SPARC Europe were participants in the creation of the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI).

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Share and Share Alike: The E-Knowledge Transformation Comes to Campus
Author: Robby Robson, President of Eduworks Corporation; Donald M. Norris, President of Strategic Inititiatives Inc.; Paul Lefrere, Director of E-Learning, Microsoft EMEA; and others
Publisher: Educause Review

This article addresses the concerns of University information content and E-knowledge sharing. The article suggests that universities are often departmentalized and compartmentalized to an extent that knowledge and information are not shared. The argument is made that universities would benefit from shared e-knowledge, but to do so, there must be an expansion of technologies, infrastructures, and knowledge strategies. These expansions invove taking action to develop digital assets management, standards (such as those created by the Open Knowledge Inititiative), and digital rights management/intellectual property management. According to the article, leading-edge institutions worldwide should transform themselves from knowledge silos to communities of knowledge sharing.

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Scholarly communication in the digital environment: What do authors want? Findings of an international survey of author opinion: project report
Author: Ian Rowlands, ciber Director of Information Metrics and Policy; Dave Nicholas, ciber Director of Cybermetrics; and Paul Huntingdon, ciber Research Fellow
Publisher: Centre for Information Behaviour and the Evaluation of Research

This report presents the findings of an international survey of authorsí views and comments on the current state of journal publishing (including the cost of journals, rights issues, target audiences) with a sharp topical focus on open access issues.

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A Revolution in Knowledge Sharing
Author: Donald M. Norris, President of Strategic Inititiatives Inc.; Jon Mason, Executive Consultant of education.au ltd; Robby Robson, President of Eduworks Corporation; and others

This article outlines and addresses the potential benefits of maximizing resources of (and providing leadership in) E-Knowledge. E-knowledge is defined here as knowledge and understanding gained from interactivity within and among individuals and communities of practice. E-knowledge is also defined by the knowledge objects and the knowledge flows that combine content, context, and insights upon application. According to the article, the benefits of an institutional culture of knowledge-sharing practice lead to advances in the capacity to acquire, assimilate, utilize, reflect on, and share knowledge.

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Technologies for Digital Archiving at CDL
Author: John Kunze, Preservation Technologies Architect, California Digital Library (CDL)
Publisher: CENDI

John Kunze spoke about the California Digital Library (CDL). The CDL serves 10 University campuses in the state of California, but is not directly associated with any specific campus. Points in this presentation included the CDLís digital library collections, services performed by the CDL, services and applications, and partnerships by which the CDL hopes to improve Web Archiving experience, standards, and practice. Minutes of a presentation from the February 3, 2004 CENDI meeting.

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Scientific Publications: Free for all?
Author: House of Commons, Science and Technology Committee
Publisher: The House of Commons (UK)

This is a report to the House of Commons (United Kingdom) from the House of Commons Science and Technology Committee, that urges all UK higher education institutions to establish institutional repositories for storing and retrieving their publications without incurring online cost. Another recommendation included in the report was the mandatory requirement for government funded researchers to deposit a copy of all their articles in these institutional depositories as a way of improving access to scientific publications. These recommendation are among the 82 conclusions and recommendations listed in the report to improve access to scientific publications. The report also gives comments on the following issues: background to the issue of access, patterns of user access, the cost and economics of access (to publishers, authors, repositories), the advantages of self-archiving for access, and other archiving and access issues.

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Broken Links: Just How Rapidly Do Science Education Hyperlinks Go Extinct?
Author: John Markwell, University of Nebraska; David W. Brooks, University of Nebraska
Publisher: University of Nebraska

This Web site provides a summary of the issue of "link rot" which means the tendency of some Internet resources to become lost and thus unable to be found or linked. The authors cite studies that have been done which show that the inherent instability of Internet resources limits the usefulness of online science educational resources.

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"Link Rot" Limits the Usefulness of Web-based Educational Materials in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Author: John Markwell, University of Nebraska; David W. Brooks, University of Nebraska

This is a paper studying "link rot": the result of web resources becoming nonviable, moving without automatic forwarding, or having their content changed. Markwell and Brooks developed this study after realizing that, in creating a series of links for classroom use in their biochemistry courses, 20% of the links were no longer working after 24 months. This paper outlines how the authors monitored hyperlinks on a monthly basis and how they analyzed trends in differential stability among Biochemistry and Molecular Biology-related resources provided through different Web domains. The authors also offer suggestions for future courses of action to prevent "link rot".

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Information Technology Security: Governance, Strategy, and Practice in Higher Education
Author: Judith Caruso, ECAR Research Fellow
Publisher: EDUCAUSE Center for Applied Research (ECAR)

This document presents the key findings of a larger paper on the subject of information technology (IT) security at colleges and universities. This security is essential for protecting information assets, enhancing institutional reputation, and ensuring compliance with state and federal regulations. The study investigated the state of IT security practices in higher education and made comparisons in higher education areas to those relative to industry. Among the topics examined were current uses of IT security, and IT security management, policies, and procedures. The challenges and barriers to IT security were also discussed. Larger paper available for purchase at http://www.educause.edu/asp/doclib/abstract.asp?ID=ERS0305

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Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect Against Financial Conflicts of Interest
Publisher: US General Accounting Office (GAO)

This is a report from a study done by the United States General Accounting Office (GAO) regarding government funded university research and the insurance of its subsequent public availability. This document outlines the study and provides GAO's recommendations, chief of which is that universities must be sure to make research available to the public, and federal agencies must have policies in place to require universities to implement policies for identifying and managing possible financial conflicts of interest for the research they fund (the National Institute of Health and the National Science Foundation) already have policies in place.

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